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Compare and Contrast: American and French Revolutions | Jotted Lines
You can view samples of our professional work here. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays. Revolution can be defined as the modification of a government from one change to another, because of it tyrannical and corrupt nature.
The American continent was discovered towards the end of 15th century, in the American revolution was a political upheaval that took place between ,the American colonies rejected monarchy and aristocracy in a revolutionary move, overthrew the authority of Britain and founded the united states of American, the American were been rule by the Britain for a very long time and were not happy with the way there been treated and needed a change so that lead to their raise for freedom and declaration of independence.
The American where against the colonial administration because their felt their deserve the right of the Englishmen.
When the American Revolution began in the American colonists were not yet fighting for independence from Britain. The complex causes of the revolution ultimately led to the colonists issuing a declaration of independence and fighting a war for freedom from British rule. The king wanted the colonies to help pay for all those expenses. The first of several laws to accomplish this was the proclamation of which forbade the colonists to move westward part the Appalachian mountain.
These and several other laws passed to tighten the English reign on the colonies brought out a lot of anger and frustration. But the one law that really angered the colonists was the:. There have to pay for any printing, the colonists could not take any more so they started speaking not against the new taxes.
The French Revolution Was Plotted on a Tennis Court
The parliament passed a new series of taxes called the Townshend acts. Though these taxes were actually quite small,the outcry from many American leaders were huge. The taxes were imposed to help make the colonial officials independent of the colonist and induded duties on glass, paper and tea. It was a act of the parliament of great britain.
This was supposed to convince the colonists to purchase company tea to North America and the right to the duty-free export of tea from Britain, although the tax imposed by the Townshend acts and collected in the colonies remained in force, it received the royal assent on may 10, Coercive acts: designed to punish Massachusetts for its resistance, and the appointment of general Thomas gage as royal governor of Massachusetts. The major causes of the American revolution, the intolerable acts were the boston party act, closing the port of boston until the dutch east India company been repaid for the destroyed tea.
The Massachusetts government act, allowing royal officials to be tried in Britain if the king felt it necessary for fair justice;. All men are created equal and there are certain unalienable rights that governments should never violate. This statement would also apply to America during its revolutionary period and acts of rebellion could be anything such as boycotting goods from Britain to violently attacking loyalist and British enterprises.
One was the charisma of General Washington, embodying as he did the states had fought the war together. Another was the half-realized myth of an ultimate popular sovereignty, superior to both the republic and the separate states" Countryman Like in the case of the American Revolution, the French Revolution and the years leading up to it saw increasing dissatisfaction with the absolute monarchy , especially in terms of his unwillingness to bring in a meaningful parliament or engage with demands of the citizens.
On top of this, the Seven Years War had increased taxes by a huge margin and no one—not even those in the upper echelons saw the potential for personal yield.
Compare and Contrast: American and French Revolutions
The nobility was becoming a useless old structure and the boredom of many of these idle aristocrats led to planning action. The difference between France and America was that in America there was not a period of protracted wars outside of the country going on that would weaken the economy and necessitate the need for additional funds. Even though there were battles in America with the Indians, mostly in the pursuit of land, these did not match the scope and cost of the Seven Years War that had driven the French nearly to bankruptcy.
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- Contrasting and Comparing the American and French Revolutions.
On the other hand, the British, the opponent to the Americans, were weakened because of outside mostly colonial and land-grabbing wars. The people in America were less impoverished than their French counterparts although the British government was coming close to breaking the bank through massive taxation. There was also a difference in class participation in the Revolutions in America in France. In America, there were still a strong number of loyalists because they benefited from the great amount of favor they received from the British government.
In France, however, even the nobles and aristocrats were angry at the monarchy because they were given less and less power. Although they still had money and a fair amount of control over local politics, they were almost figureheads instead of people with actual power. They saw that the king was limiting their role in government and they were part of the resistance effort as well.
This is not to say that all of the nobility took part in reaction against the monarchy but the numbers of French aristocrats that were rebelling was significant.
Still, the similarity of the rest of the population sponsoring the revolts was strong in both France an America. From the top levels all the way to the lowest of laborers, everyone in France had a reason to want to prompt great change. While it seems that a majority of the focus of the French Revolution is on the plight and revolt of the working poor, the fact remains that this was a rebellion that was so effective because of this widespread support.
Although there were certainly royalists among the rebellious French, their interests in crushing the revolt were equally self-centered. If they were lucky enough to enjoy a spot of favor with Louis XIV, certainly the lavish spoils that the monarch himself enjoyed were to be shared. With such nepotism, the introduction of an elected or mixed-class parliament would obliterate their security.
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Still, the ideas of the Enlightenment had gradually tricked down and soon enough, they may have had an influence on the agricultural poor. There are indications that the topic of sentimentalism were familiar far down the social ladder" Reddy In sum, these revolutions had more in common than it might appear despite the slight difference in time period and national histories. They were both reactions against an oppressive monarchy that taxed heavily and attempted to control its subject and they both reacted in part because of Enlightenment ideals.
While there were different circumstances that effected the governments being rebelled against and there were different demographics of supporters, these revolutions had similar aims and achieved the similar result of a new republic and constitution as the final outcome. Countryman, Edmund.
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Norton, New York Furet, F. Jensen, Merrill. Palmer, R. The age of democratic revolution: A political history of Europe and America, Princeton University Press, Reddy, William..