Evaluating research papers

Questions to ask:.

Evaluating research

When you read these scholarly articles, remember that you will be writing based on what you read. Contact us. Evaluating Information Sources: Reading Scholarly Articles Tips on evaluating popular and scholarly articles, bias and propaganda in publishing, impact metrics and predatory publishing. Reading Scholarly Articles Before you write about an article, you need to understand it.

Also be aware some papers have been retracted. Retraction Watch. Abstract Summary The abstract, generally written by the author s of the article, provides a concise summary of the whole article.

Organizing Academic Research Papers: Evaluating Sources

Introduction - Literature Review Who else Many scholarly articles include a summary of previous research or discussions published on this topic, called a "Literature Review". What is your research question? What is the working hypothesis or thesis? What have other people done in regards to this topic? How is this research unique? Will this tell me anything new related to my research question?

What are the weaknesses in their argument? Is the conclusion valid? Questions to consider: How did the author do the research? Is it a qualitative or quantitative project? Is reliability discussed in terms of type and size of reliability coefficients? If appropriate, are subtest reliabilities given? If an instrument was developed specifically for the study, are the procedures involved in its development and validation described? If an instrument was developed specifically for the study, are administration, scoring or tabulating, and interpretation procedures fully described?

Design and Procedure. Are the procedures described in sufficient detail to permit them to be replicated by another researcher? If a pilot study was conducted, are its execution and results described as well as its impact on the subsequent study? Are the control procedures described? Did the researcher discuss or account for any potentially confounding variables that he or she was unable to control for? Are appropriate descriptive or inferential statistics presented? If parametric tests were used, is there evidence that the researcher avoided violating the. Are the tests of significance described appropriate, given the hypotheses and design of the.

Was every hypothesis tested? Are the tests of significance interpreted using the appropriate degrees of freedom? Are the results clearly presented? Are the tables and figures if any well organized and easy to understand? Are the data in each table and figure described in the text? Discussion Conclusions and Recommendation. Is each result discussed in terms of the original hypothesis to which it relates?

Is each result discussed in terms of its agreement or disagreement with previous results. Are generalizations consistent with the results? Are the possible effects of uncontrolled variables on the results discussed? Are theoretical and practical implications of the findings discussed? Are recommendations for future action made?

Are the suggestions for future action based on practical significance or on statistical. Are recommendations for future research made? Make sure that you cover the following questions if you have not already covered them in your crtique. Is the research important?

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Evaluating research

In your own words what methods and procedures were used? Evaluate the methods and procedures. Evaluate the sampling method and the sample used in this study. Describe the reliability and validity of all the instruments used. What type of research is this? How was the data analyzed? What is are the major finding s?

What are your suggestions to improve this research?

Finding and Evaluating Research Sources | English Composition 2

Additional things to look for when considering using a web-based resource include:. Evaluating Internet Information. Online Library Learning Center. Olsen Library.


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Northern Michigan University; Evaluating Sources. Hunter College. Bias, whether done intentionally or not, is when a statement reflects a partiality, preference, or prejudice for or against an object, person, place, or idea. Listed below are issues to look for when determining if the source is biased in some way.

Everyone has biases. Therefore, it's important that you minimize the influence of your own biases by approaching the assessment of another person's research introspectively and with a degree of self-awareness. Evaluating Sources. Toggle navigation. The Conclusion Toggle Dropdown Appendices Importance of Evaluating Sources Evaluating the authority, usefulness, and reliability of resources is a crucial step in developing a literature review that effectively covers pertinent research as well as demonstrating to the reader that you know what you're talking about.

The process of evaluating scholarly research also enhances your general skills and ability to: Seek out alternate points of view and differing perspectives, Identify possible bias in the work of others, Distinguish between fact, fiction, and opinion, Develop and strengthen your ability to distinguish between relevant and irrelevant content, Draw cogent, well thought out conclusions, and Synthesize information, extracting meaning through interpretation and analysis.

Strategies for Critically Evaluating Sources The act of thinking critically about the validity and reliability of a research resource generally involves asking yourself a series of questions about the quality of both the item and the content of that item. Evaluating the Source Inquiring about the Author What are the author's credentials--institutional affiliation where he or she works , educational background, past writings, or experience?

Evaluating the Content Intended Audience What type of audience is the author addressing? Strategies for Critically Evaluating Web Content Web Content Requires Additional Methods of Evaluation The principles that guide your of evaluation books, journal articles, reports, and other print materials also applies to web resources. Additional things to look for when considering using a web-based resource include: Source of the content is stated -- whether original or borrowed, quoted, or imported from elsewhere. Note that content imported from another source via RSS feed can be difficult to identify, as this material can blend in with other content on the page without being appropriately labeled.


  1. Module 6: Evaluating Sources.
  2. Importance of Evaluating Sources!
  3. Evaluating Websites;
  4. Don't be fooled by an attractive, professional-looking presentation -- just because a site looks professional doesn't mean that it is. However, poorly organized or written web page designs are easy to recognize and can be a signal that you should carefully scrutinize the material. Site is currently being maintained -- check for posting or editing dates. Links are relevant and appropriate, and are in working order -- a site with a lot of broken links is an indication of neglect and out-of-date content. The site includes contact information -- if a site is produced anonymously, you cannot verify the legitimacy of its creator.

    The Research Assignment

    Domain location in the site address URL is relevant to the focus of the material [e.